Lions, Lords, and Automobiles: Animal Entertainment and Travel Technologies in the Late Twentieth Century


  • Andy Flack University of Bristol, UK


Arguably, technology has entirely transformed the way many of us live. Technology liberates and confines. Nowhere is this more clearly illustrated than in the case of wildlife tourism. Beginning in the mid-twentieth century, automobiles were invited inside "animal spaces", allowing visitors unparalleled proximity to wild things and yet—at the same time—confining them within their metal machines. This article considers the rise of this variety of wildlife tourism in captive context and considers the nature of the interactions between humans, animals, and travel technologies.

Author Biography

Andy Flack, University of Bristol, UK

Dr Flack works on the histories of human-animal relationships, particularly in captive spaces. His doctoral work focussed on a landmark provincial zoo (Bristol) and his current project considers how a variety of travel technologies on air, land, and sea transformed both human experiences of wildlife and the lives of wild things themselves over the course of the twentieth century. He has published on celebrity animals and zoo acquisition and display and has forthcoming publications on captive animal ‘agency’, gendered representations, and captive animals and film technology.