An Unnatural History of Rocky Flats National Wildlife Refuge, Colorado


  • Becky Alexis-Martin University of Southampton, UK
  • Stephanie Malin Colorado State University, USA


Rocky Flats, Colorado, USA, was the home of plutonium pit manufacturing from 1952 to 1992. Here we explore the legacy of Rocky Flats, from military industrial complex to contaminated land, and finally biorefuge. The cultural impacts of living in a toxic place are explored to create an environmental history of this socially and physically contaminated environment.

Author Biographies

Becky Alexis-Martin, University of Southampton, UK

Dr Becky Alexis-Martin is a Research Fellow in Social and Human Sciences at the University of Southampton. She is the Principal Investigator of the Aged Veterans Fund supported Nuclear Families project, which explores the lives and experiences of the British nuclear test veterans and their families.

Stephanie Malin, Colorado State University, USA

Dr Stephanie Malin is an Assistant Professor in Sociology at Colorado State University, USA. She is an expert in environmental justice and has written The Price of Nuclear Power: Uranium Communities and Environmental Justice, a textbook published by Rutgers University Press that explores the impacts of nuclear energy culture in the USA.