The Neste War 1970–1972: The First Victory of the Budding Finnish Environmental Movement
In this article the authors focus on the first major victory of the environmental movement in Finland—the so-called “Neste war,” 1970–1972. At the time, Neste was a state-run oil company planning a new refinery on the environmentally sensitive east coast of the Hanko Peninsula in Southern Finland. Neste’s project was forcefully opposed by a coalition of local and academic activists, and for the first time in Finnish history, a large-scale industry was seriously challenged by mass-mobilized environmentalism. The environmental conflict became politicized in an unprecedented way and ultimately ended the Finnish oil giant’s designs on the Hanko Peninsula.
Copyright (c) 2018 CC BY 4.0 Mats Wickström, Hanna Lindberg, and Matias Kaihovirta
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.