Nordenskiöld, an Early Pioneer of Nordic Conservation



In 1880, after the successfully completing his expedition to sail the Northeast Passage, the Finnish-Swedish explorer and scientist Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld (1832–1901) published his essay <i>Förslag till inrättandet af Riksparker i de nordiska länderna</i> (A Proposal for Establishing National Parks in the Nordic Countries). In his essay, Nordenskiöld called for the creation of protected areas in which the original nature of the Nordic countries could be preserved for later generations. His <i>Proposal</i> eventually led to the passing of Sweden's Conservation Act of 1909, which established nine national parks - the first ever in Europe.

Author Biography

Seija A. Niemi, University of Turku, Finland

Seija A. Niemi is an environmental historian with a wide range of interests. At the University of Turku she completed her MA in Cultural History with a thesis on the Finnish Tango King Olavi Virta in 2003 and earned her PhL in Finnish History with an environmental thesis on the history of birch tree in the Finnish forests in 2005. She is currently working on her doctoral thesis which discusses the Finnish-Swedish explorer and scientist Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld (1832 – 1901) and his place in the history of Finnish conservation.