Skip to main navigation menu Skip to main content Skip to site footer



Stevia as a Genetic Resource: Intellectual Property and Guaraní Strategies for Access-and-Benefit Sharing in Paraguay and Brazil



Stevia rebaudiana is a woody shrub that has traditionally been linked to the Guaraní people who live in the borderland between Paraguay and Brazil. Out of the stevia leaves, different glycosides may be extracted, whose outstanding sweetening properties caught the interest of corporations worldwide. The possibility of replacing traditional sucrose with stevia-based products has provoked an ongoing rush to file patents and caused the lobbying of governmental agencies. In 2016, the Guaraní filed for an access-and-benefit agreement, demanding the end of biopiracy of stevia and asking for financial reimbursement through access-and-benefit-sharing mechanisms.